Ex 18. Pilot navigation.


To fly accurately and safely in VMC and under VFR, a predetermined route, without infringing the rules governing regulated airspace.


  • Pre-flight planning
  • Planned cockpit management
  • Adequate security of loose items

Flight planning:

  • NOTAMs
  • Weather forecast and actual(s) for planned route
  • Map selection and preparation
  • Choice of route
  • Tie-down equipment


  • Magnetic heading and times on route
  • Fuel consumption
  • Weight, balance and performance

Airfield procedure on departure:

  • Organisation of cockpit
  • Altimeter setting
  • Setting of heading
  • Setting of time and noting of ETAs


  • Maintenance of altitudes and headings
  • Revisions to ETA and heading
  • Minimum weather conditions for flight to continue at any point
  • ‘In-flight’ decisions
  • Navigation at minimum level
  • Uncertain of position procedure
  • Lost procedure

Arrival at Destination procedure:

  • Altimeter setting (QNH to airfield QFE)
  • Airfield circuit and circuit joining procedure

Parking procedure

Security of aircraft:


A minimum total of 5 hours navigation flying training must be completed within the period of 9 months immediately prior to licence application or an application to remove operational limitations from an existing licence.The required navigation flying training includes a minimum of 3 hours of solo navigation flying training to be completed within the 9 month period.

The navigation flight training must include two solo qualifying cross-country flights.

Each solo qualifying cross country flight must have a minimum total flight distance of 40 nautical miles

a landing at another site which is at least 15 nautical miles, measured in a straight line, from the take-off site at which the flight began. The two solo qualifying cross-country flights must be flown over different routes and to different sites. The navigation exercises would typically be spread over the following sessions, although it is not mandatory for any dual tuition for this part of the syllabus:

1) Dual cross country. (inc away landing)

2) Dual cross country. (inc navigation at minimum level, and lost procedure)

3) Solo cross country. (1st qualifying cross country)

4) Solo cross country. (2nd qualifying cross country)


Standard required at end of phase 7

Good navigational ability. Good ability to predict weather. High standard of airmanship.