Ex 16b. Operation at minimum level.


To safely operate the aircraft at heights lower than those normally used.


  • Assessment of weather conditions/turbulence
  • Assessment of height above terrain
  • Compliance with low flying rules
  • High level of awareness
  • Low level of military aircraft

Low level familiarisation:

  • Actions prior to descending
  • Visual impressions and height control at low altitudes
  • Effects of wind, speed, and inertia during turns
  • Effects of wind and turbulence

Low level operation:

  • Weather considerations
  • Avoidance of precipitation
  • Obstacle considerations

Effects of precipitation:

  • As applicable to type

Joining circuit in poor weather, and bad-weather circuit


Standard required at end of phase 5

Ability to choose a suitable safe area, and to set up a good approach to land following any unexpected power loss simulation. Ability to choose a suitable safe landing area, and to carry out a low pass to check suitability of surface prior to a simulated precautionary landing. Ability to fly safely at minimum operational level, demonstrating a high degree of understanding of low-level turbulence and awareness of obstacles, together with ability to coordinate turns correctly with regard to wind direction. Acute awareness of dangers and rules associated with low flying, and

consideration for noise, animals, etc