Ex 13. The circuit, final approach and landing


To fly an accurate circuit and carry out a safe approach and landing.


  • Importance of constant lookout during circuit, and prior to turning to leg

Downwind checks

  • Planning approach and landing with regard to wake turbulence from aircraft landing ahead

The downwind leg, base leg, final approach positioning and drills:

Factors affecting the final approach (and landing run):

  • Nil-wind, Head-wind, Cross-wind
  • Correct approach speed
  • Use of power
  • Weight
  • Flaps/spoilers (if applicable)

Types of approach (and landing):

  • Powered approach and landing
  • Glide approach and landing
  • Crosswind approach and landing
  • Short field approach and landing
  • Soft field approach and landing
  • Flapless approach and landing (if applicable)
  • Use of airbrakes and spoilers (if applicable)

Missed approach and go-around:

  • Correct positioning

Missed landing and go-around:

Effect of ground surface and gradient on the landing run:

Tailwheel considerations (if applicable):

Use of elevator:

  • Safeguarding the nosewheel

Use of brakes (if applicable):

The Complete Take-off, Circuit and Landing:

  • Circuit joining and leaving procedures

The Hold-off period, and Touchdown:

  • Ability to control height with pitch control, and airspeed with power
  • Ability to control direction
  • Ability to control and correct ballooning
  • Ability to cope with crosswind
  • Ground manoeuvring after landing


Standard required at end of phase 3

Ability to take off safely and maintain the climb out safely given a variety of different circumstances. Ability to cope with emergencies at any point in the take-off, circuit, or landing phases of flight. Ability to approach and land safely

given a variety of different circumstances. Demonstration of a high degree of airmanship and knowledge of airfield and circuit procedures and disciplines.