Ex 9b. Climbing and descending turns.


To enter and maintain a climb or descent whilst turning, or to enter and maintain a turn from a straight climb or a descent.


  • Instinctive lookout before turns including above or below
  • Allowance for wind and maintaining knowledge of position

Use of controls:

  • Co-ordination and interaction during turns
  • Accurate speed and power control to control rate of climb or descent
  • Slipstream and torque effect relative to direction of turn

Maintenance of attitude and balance:

  • Co-ordination and balance through the turn
  • Using structure of aircraft to provide datum during the turn
  • Awareness of heading during the turn
  • Use of visual reference points to ensure accurate rolling out of turns
  • Use of low bank angles during climbing turns, to maintain rate of climb



Standard required at end of Phase 1.

A reasonable level of competence in all general-flying skills